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Night"in*gale (?), n. [OE. nihtegale,nightingale, AS. nihtegale; niht night + galan to sing, akin to E. yell; cf. D. nachtegaal, OS. nahtigala, OHG. nahtigala, G. nachtigall, Sw. n'84ktergal, Dan. nattergal. See Night, and Yell.]
1. (Zo'94l.) A small, plain, brown and gray European song bird (Luscinia luscinia). It sings at night, and is celebrated for the sweetness of its song.
2. (Zo'94l.) A larger species (Lucinia philomela), of Eastern Europe, having similar habits; the thrush nightingale. The name is also applied to other allied species.Mock nightingale. (Zo'94l.) See Blackcap, n., 1 (a).
The noun has 2 senses
1. Nightingale, Florence_Nightingale, Lady_with_the_Lamp -- English nurse remembered for her work during the Crimean War (1820-1910)
2. nightingale, Luscinia_megarhynchos -- European songbird noted for its melodious nocturnal song