1. G is the seventh letter of the English alphabet, and a vocal consonant. It has two sounds; one simple, as in gave, go, gull; the other compound (like that of j), as in gem, gin, dingy. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 231-6, 155, 176, 178, 179, 196, 211, 246.The form of G is from the Latin, in the alphabet which it first appeared as a modified form of C. The name is also from the Latin, and probably comes to us through the French. Etymologically it is most closely related to a c hard, k y, and w; as in corn, grain, kernel; kin L. genus, Gr. ; E. garden, yard; drag, draw; also to ch and h; as in get, prehensile; guest, host (an army); gall, choler; gust, choose. See C.
2. (Mus.) G is the name of the fifth tone of the natural or model scale; -- called also sol by the Italians and French. It was also originally used as the treble clef, and has gradually changed into the character represented in the margin. See Clef. G♯ (G sharp) is a tone intermediate between G and A.
The noun G has 8 senses
1. gram, gramme, gm, g -- a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram
2. deoxyguanosine_monophosphate, G -- one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
3. g, gee, g-force -- a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated
4. gravitational_constant, universal_gravitational_constant, constant_of_gravitation, G -- (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation
5. guanine, G -- a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
6. 3 n 0a thousand, one_thousand, 1000, M, K, chiliad, G, grand, thou, yard -- the cardinal number that is the product of 10 and 100
7. gigabyte, G, GB -- egabytes
8. G, letter_g -- the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet
Tweets for "G"